Referencing Overview

Referencing allows you to identify the sources of ideas and information in writing.

Academic work requires you to source evidence from current, relevant and reputable sources. The number and range of references used for your work is also important.

Referencing normally occurs in two places:

  • in the body of your assessment or in-text
  • in a reference list at the end of your assessment

You must give a reference whenever you draw on a source of information:

  • as the source of a particular theory, argument or viewpoint
  • for specific information, such as statistics, examples, or case studies
  • for information which you paraphrase
  • for direct quotations (reproducing someone’s exact words)

Effective referencing allows you to avoid plagiarism and ensure academic integrity and separates out your own voice from the voice of your sources. It helps to identify that your claims are supported by evidence and research.

Access the ACAP APA6 Quick Guide To Referencing (Counselling, Psychology, Social Work)

Access the Harvard Author-date Referencing Guide (Criminology)

Please note: For academic assignments, it is not recommended to cite class notes or other material directly from your class space.  Preferably, locate the original source of the concept you are using, which can usually be found in lists of references or readings.